Also published on this date: Shelf Awareness for Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Wednesday, November 15, 2017: Kids' Maximum Shelf: Baby Monkey, Private Eye

Scholastic Press: Baby Monkey, Private Eye by Brian Selznick and David Serlin

Scholastic Press: Baby Monkey, Private Eye by Brian Selznick and David Serlin

Scholastic Press: Baby Monkey, Private Eye by Brian Selznick and David Serlin

Scholastic Press: Baby Monkey, Private Eye by Brian Selznick and David Serlin

Baby Monkey, Private Eye

by Brian Selznick, David Serlin

"Who is Baby Monkey?" you might ask. A fantastic question. Really, it's quite simple. "He is a baby. He is a monkey. He has a job...." He is Baby Monkey, Private Eye.

The concept of Brian Selznick and David Serlin's first literary collaboration is exactly what it sounds like: Baby Monkey is both a baby monkey and a detective, with an office straight out of film noir. The almost-200-page, early reader chapter book opens with "The Case of the Missing Jewels!" In Selznick's signature, highly detailed pencil illustration, Baby Monkey sits on his couch reading Famous Jewel Crimes, a book that is nearly the same size as he is. On the table next to him there are papers, a typewriter and more books; the lamp behind his head sits atop a file cabinet with one drawer ajar. On the corner of his large desk there is a classic black desk phone and a bust of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; a coat rack near the door holds a trench coat and a fedora. The walls are decorated with heavily framed works of art including paintings of Maria Callas and Giuseppe Verdi and a poster from the 1935 Marx Brothers film A Night at the Opera. Through the frosted glass of his office door's window, a long-nailed hand can be seen reaching....

Through the door bursts a distraught woman (think Brünnhilde from Wagner's The Ring of the Nibelung). "Baby Monkey!" she exclaims, "Someone has stolen my jewels!" The opera singer has come to the right place--"Baby Monkey can help!" First, Baby Monkey uses his overly large magnifying glass to look for clues. Next, Baby Monkey sits behind his adult-person-sized desk and writes notes. Then it's time for a snack (baby carrots, prepared for Baby Monkey in a sandwich bag). Finally, Baby Monkey puts on his pants. Unfortunately, it can be quite difficult to put on pants when you're a baby monkey. After nine pages of trying (and failing) to get his hairy little body into jeans (with no hole for his tail, it is important to note), he succeeds: "Now Baby Monkey is ready!" By following a set of particularly distinct footprints, Baby Monkey solves the case: "Zebra!" "Hooray for Baby Monkey!"

This pattern of crime solving is repeated three more times in chapters two through four. With each new case, Baby Monkey's office décor changes to match the subject of the new chapter. In "The Case of the Missing Pizza!" Baby Monkey is sprawled on his couch reading Famous Pizza Crimes; a map of Italy takes Maria Callas's place; a poster for the 1969 Michael Caine film The Italian Job has replaced A Night at the Opera; the bust on the desk is now David, based on the sculpture by Michelangelo. As in the previous chapter, Baby Monkey looks for clues, takes notes, eats a snack, puts on his pants and then solves the case. Throughout the entire book, every illustration is black and white until the case is solved.Then the stolen item appears, colored in a bright, traffic-light red.

Selznick, whose 2007 highly illustrated middle grade work, The Invention of Hugo Cabret, won the Caldecott Medal and the Indies Choice Book Award for Children's Literature, once again pushes against the assumed format of children's books. Like other early reader chapter books, Serlin and Selznick's Baby Monkey, Private Eye follows some very specific rules: repetition is used, the font is large, the text and vocabulary are simple and there is copious art. But, where a work for early readers is usually somewhere in the range of 32 to 64 pages, Baby Monkey is 192 pages--three times the usual length. While it is, without a doubt, a book for younger readers, it looks (and feels) like a book "bigger kids" might be reading.

And what a book! As can be expected of any of Selznick's illustrated works, every page of Baby Monkey overflows with detail. All of the iterations of Baby Monkey's office are explained in a "Key to Baby Monkey's Office" at the end of the book where there is also a bibliography (those books Baby Monkey has been reading? All real books.) and an index that tells the reader every page where the item shows up as either text or picture.

The text is easily accessible to young readers, using elementary vocabulary that repeats in every chapter--by the third chapter, readers know by heart the order of Baby Monkey's activities and how he closes his cases. Selznick's illustrations add to the simple text, giving the work incredible depth and including treats for close (and older) readers to find. Baby Monkey is, of course, the star of the book and he is drawn in incredible detail: his face and postures are outstandingly expressive and engaging. Also, he's downright cute. It is near impossible to pick up Baby Monkey, Private Eye and not fall in love with the dedicated baby crime-solver. --Siân Gaetano, children's and YA editor, Shelf Awareness

Scholastic Press, $16.99, hardcover, 192p., ages 4-8, 9781338180619, February 27, 2018

Scholastic Press: Baby Monkey, Private Eye by Brian Selznick and David Serlin

Brian Selznick & David Serlin on the Making of Baby Monkey, Private Eye

Brian Selznick is the Caldecott Medal-winning creator of the New York Times bestsellers The Invention of Hugo Cabret (adapted into Martin Scorsese's Oscar-winning Hugo), Wonderstruck (adapted into Todd Haynes's eponymous movie) and The Marvels. Among the celebrated picture books Selznick has illustrated are the Caldecott Honor Book The Dinosaurs of Waterhouse Hawkins by Barbara Kerley and the Sibert Honor Book When Marian Sang by Pam Muñoz Ryan.

David Serlin is a writer, editor and historian who teaches at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author or editor of numerous books and articles for adults. Baby Monkey, Private Eye (due out from Scholastic in February 2018) is his first book for children. David and Brian divide their time between Brooklyn, N.Y., and San Diego, Calif.

How did you come up with this wonderful idea?

David: The origin of the book comes from a period about five years ago when Brian was in London researching The Marvels and I was teaching in San Diego. We were talking on the phone one day and we concocted a story about a little monkey who was a private detective.

Brian: The origin of the book comes from David, who looks like a very cute baby monkey.

Did you know from the start that you wanted to create an early reader?

David: I don't think either of us imagined anything more than a funny story that we would tell each other and embellish occasionally when we would talk on the phone. When Tracy Mack, Brian's editor at Scholastic, asked him about future projects after they published The Marvels, Brian half-jokingly told Tracy about our funny story of a baby monkey detective. Tracy encouraged us to turn it from a story into a book. Neither of us aimed for it to be an early reader, since neither of us have worked in that form before. But once we started making the book, the structure and scale for it, especially its emphasis on repeated words and repeated image sequences, kind of fell into place, and we saw that we could focus the book as an early reader, albeit a different kind of early reader.

Brian: I like drawing lots of pictures.

How did you decide upon Baby Monkey's pattern for each case?

David: We knew that Baby Monkey should have some rituals as part of his crime-solving preparation. He reads books. He takes notes. He has a snack. These are good daily rituals for anyone to have! But they also lend themselves to the experience of reading, so that there is consistency combined with moments of slight variation. Baby Monkey always eats a snack but it's a different kind of snack each time. This also presented Brian with enormous opportunities for playing with consistency and variation in his images.

Brian: How else would a baby monkey solve crimes?

How did the "Baby Monkey puts on his pants" visual joke develop?

David: When we first came up with the story, we tried to imagine different struggles for a little monkey detective who was a genius at solving crimes but who might take an hour to climb a tiny wall. We had him apprehending a snake in a tree but only after taking hours to get into the tree. Finally, we realized that watching him struggle to put on his pants was a big enough struggle for him, but also the one that would provide the most recognition from young readers.

Brian: I just watch David trying to put on his pants every day. It's really funny.

Why a thorough key, index and bibliography in a book for such young readers?

David: As a college professor, I insist that my students provide me with a full bibliography of the works they are referencing when they submit their assignments to me. I thought it would be useful to provide readers with a full bibliography of the books that Baby Monkey uses in his detective work. Baby Monkey is a serious detective who does his homework! He does not rely on the Internet! We also wanted to give kids the experience of knowing what a scholarly book might look like, as well as why and how it looks different from other kinds of books. The key and the index are also invitations for the reader, or his or her parents, to look at the book again, see what they might have missed and take pleasure in Brian's details.

Brian: What was the question?

How did you find this balance between illustration and text? And how did you decide upon this color palette?

David: Because Baby Monkey is a private eye, right away we knew we wanted the book to look like a 1940s film noir, with black-and-white illustrations. Inspired by movies like The Maltese Falcon, Brian built a model of a miniature detective's office, complete with furniture, books and even a little desk lamp so that he could capture the spirit of those films in his drawings. The use of red as the "pop" of color came late in the process. Brian thought it might be nice to have some kind of visual indication when Baby Monkey solves the crime and returns the stolen goods to their rightful owners.

Brian: I'm hungry. Do you have a snack?

Can we hope for more Baby Monkey, Private Eye cases in the future?

David: We hope one day to return to the adventures of our little detective. It's been great fun to work in this new format, and we hope that our book inspires children and grownups everywhere to learn how to read and, maybe even more importantly, how to put on their pants.

Brian: Apple slices! Mmmm!

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